La Energía no renovable colabora con el cambio climático

 

En el post de hoy, me gustaría resumir de forma sencilla cuál es el escenario de la Energía en  España y por extensión, en Europa.

Empecemos por el principio:

Los objetivos marcados por la UE para el 2030 son los siguientes:

  • al menos 40% de reducción de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (en relación con los niveles de 1990). Este objetivo es vinculante.
  • al menos 27% de cuota de energías renovables
  • al menos 27% de mejora de la eficiencia energética.

Para el 2040 la reducción de las emisiones deberá ser del 60%y en 2050 del 80% respecto a las emisiones de 1990.

En el caso particular de España, el año fijado como referencia es muy determinante. El nivel de desarrollo de nuestro país poco tenía que ver con otros de la UE, por tanto, las emisiones eran mucho menores que en años posteriores en los que la economía y la actividad empresarial tuvo un crecimiento exponencial, esto supuso un aumento importante del transporte y el consumo de energía.

Antes de resumir el funcionamiento del sistema eléctrico español, me gustaría comentar algo sobre los coches de gas.

  • Los coches de GAS: Partiendo de la base de que no soy una experta en coches, no me pararé a analizar las ventajas o desventajas que tienen respecto a potencia, autonomía, sensación en la conducción…. Desde el punto de vista medioambiental los coches de GAS reducen en un 24% la emisiones de CO2, un 85% las de óxido de nitrógeno y un 99% de partículas respecto a los diésel. Parece que la campaña de márketing de algunas marcas de coches “adornan” su denominación y aseguran que son ecológicos. Cuando se realiza el cálculo de la huella de carbono, todos los gases de efecto invernadero se “igualan” al CO2, aplicándoles un coeficiente. Pues bien, uno de los gases que más penaliza en esta cuenta, es el óxido de nitrógeno. Como los vehículos de gas reducen notablemente este gas, favorecen que los m3 de CO2 emitidos sean menores y por tanto, son Ecológicos. Según la denominación de la DGT, tienen la etiqueta de “ecológicos” , pero en mi opinión, denominar a un coche que emite CO2 como ecológico, no creo que sea acertado. Mi conclusión es: si la media de reducción de los gases no alcanza el 60% solicitado para el 2020, ¿Qué sentido tiene comprar un vehículo propulsado por gas? Me parece una medida temporal.

Ahora si…¿cómo funciona el sistema eléctrico español?

Es bastante complicado entender cómo funciona el mercado de la energía en España, pero verás como te resultará más sencillo, con este resumen.

Agentes participantes:

  • Productores: Como su nombre indica, son los encargados de transformar la energía eólica, solar, calorífica….en energía eléctrica.

Energía generada 2017. Fuente REVE

En las siguientes imágenes podéis ver las producciones de Iberdrola, Gas Natural Fenosa y  EDP.

Iberdrola

 

Gas Natural Fenosa

 

EDP
  • Red de transporte: Es gestionada por REE (Red Eléctrica Española)  que además, es el operador de la energía. Su misión, es asegurar el correcto funcionamiento del sistema de suministro eléctrico. Gracias a REE tenemos garantizado en todo momento la continuidad y seguridad del suministro de energía eléctrica en cualquier punto de España. En cifras, la Red Eléctrica Española posee más de 42.000 kilómetros de líneas de alta tensión, más de 5.000 posiciones de subestaciones y más de 80.000 MVA de capacidad de transformación.
  • Distribuidoras: El siguiente agente que entra en juego son las distribuidoras de electricidad en España. Se encargan de repartir la electricidad desde la red de transporte hasta cada punto de suministro (hogares, establecimientos, edificios, etc).

Generalmente decimos que hay 5 grandes distribuidoras de electricidad en territorio español que operan según áreas geográficas. Pero lo cierto es que de los 27 millones de consumidores que hay en el mercado eléctrico, existe en torno a un millón de usuarios que son suministrados por alguna de las 326 pequeñas distribuidoras de electricidad.

  • Comercializadoras: Compran energía a diario en el mercado mayorista, se la venden al consumidor con un margen comercial y cobran el recibo de la luz a los clientes. Es REE quien actúa de intermediario en esta especie de “bolsa” de la electricidad.

Una comercializadora que además es productora de energías no limpias, nunca debería asegurar que la energía que llega a tu casa es Renovable, mira las facturas y pregunta la procedencia de la energía, no te dejes llevar por las campañas de Márketing

Cuando aprendí como funcionaba este mercado, me llamó mucho la atención que fundamentalmente 5 grandes compañías participan en casi todos los papeles que conforman el “teatro” de la electricidad. Son productoras, distribuidoras y comercializadoras, por tanto obtienen un triple beneficio, dicho de otra forma, sus ganancias están triplicadas. Como comercializadoras compran la energía en el mercado gestionado por REE, esa misma energía que ellos han vendido.

MEDIDAS A TOMAR:

  • Hacerle saber a los gobiernos que el modelo eléctrico ya no nos convence, y que es necesario un cambio de mentalidad donde las grandes eléctricas dejen de ganar siempre y la electricidad se convierta en un bien básico y asequible para toda la población.
  • Fomentar las renovables contratando aquellas comercializadoras que apuesten por las mismas. La única opción que existe, es que la empresa que comercializa la energía compre electricidad a aquellas productoras que se dedican exclusivamente a la producción de renovables. Puedes utilizar la herramienta “Consuma Conciencia”,con ella podréis conocer todos los datos de las generadoras y comercializadoras de energía y así podréis tomar las decisiones adecuadas.
  • El coche eléctrico es la mejor opción para reducir las emisiones directas, pero en un mercado eléctrico basado en combustibles fósiles…. Infórmate antes de comprar un coche, no te dejes llevar por las campañas de marketing. Analiza tus necesidades y la longitud de tus desplazamientos.
  • Fomenta la reforma del edificio donde resides, los aislamientos, los sensores de movimiento y las calderas con combustibles menos contaminantes que pueden ayudar a reducir el consumo de electricidad y las emisiónes de CO2.
  • Las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero, son un problema global y en el que todos debemos tomar partido. Actúa y súmate a la revolución sostenible.

SOSTENIBLÍZATE

 

 

 

85 thoughts on “La Energía, actriz protagonista del cambio climático”

  1. Debemos de tomar conciencia con respecto a estos temas La energía también como nos lo explican es un punto mas que analizar.
    Felicitaciones gran articulo….

  2. Hello there, I discovered your blog by way of Google even as looking
    for a similar matter, your website came up, it seems good.
    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply became alert to your blog through Google, and located that it is truly informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate should you continue this in future.
    Many other people shall be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

  3. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this
    post was good. I don’t know who you are but certainly you are going to a famous blogger if you are
    not already 😉 Cheers!

  4. My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.

    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on numerous websites for about a year and am nervous
    about switching to another platform. I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  5. The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it
    can survive a thirty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My
    iPad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this
    is entirely off topic but I had to share it with
    someone!

  6. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you happen to be working with?
    I’m having some small security problems with my latest site and I would like
    to find something more safeguarded. Do you have any recommendations?

  7. Hi! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site?
    I’m getting fed up of WordPress because I’ve had problems
    with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform.
    I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of
    a good platform.

  8. Please let me know if you’re looking for a author for your blog.

    You have some really good posts and I feel
    I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off,
    I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to
    mine. Please blast me an e-mail if interested. Cheers!

  9. Hey there, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog site in Opera, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, fantastic blog!

  10. I believe this is among the so much important info for me.
    And i am satisfied reading your article. But want to statement on some general
    things, The site taste is wonderful, the articles is really nice : D.
    Excellent task, cheers

  11. Hello there, I found your web site via Google while looking for a similar subject,
    your website came up, it looks good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, simply was aware of your weblog via Google, and located that it’s really informative.

    I am gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future.

    Numerous folks might be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!

  12. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of
    this blog. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and
    visual appeal. I must say you have done a superb job with this.
    In addition, the blog loads super fast for me on Opera.

    Exceptional Blog!

  13. Admiring the commitment you put into your website and
    detailed information you provide. It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed material.

    Wonderful read! I’ve saved your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  14. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really
    make my blog shine. Please let me know where you got your theme.
    Many thanks

  15. My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different web page and thought I should check things out.
    I like what I see so now i’m following you.
    Look forward to finding out about your web page again.

  16. Thank you, I have just been searching for info approximately this topic for a long time
    and yours is the greatest I have came upon till now. However, what
    about the conclusion? Are you positive about the source?

  17. When I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and
    now each time a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment.
    Is there a way you can remove me from that service? Thank you!

  18. Ahaa, its nice discussion regarding this paragraph at this place at this web
    site, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.

  19. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s a very easy on the
    eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more
    often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme?
    Excellent work!

  20. Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the other person’s web site
    link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also
    do same in support of you.

  21. Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar
    one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam
    feedback? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can recommend?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  22. Pretty component of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to claim that I get
    actually loved account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing in your
    augment and even I fulfillment you get right of entry to constantly fast.

  23. Hi there! This blog post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He continually kept talking about this. I am going to
    forward this article to him. Pretty sure he’s going
    to have a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  24. You actually make it seem so easy along with your presentation but I find this matter
    to be really something that I feel I would never
    understand. It kind of feels too complex and extremely huge for me.
    I’m having a look forward for your subsequent submit, I’ll attempt to get the cling of it!

  25. I think what you said made a lot of sense. However, think on this, suppose
    you typed a catchier post title? I ain’t suggesting your information isn’t solid,
    but suppose you added a post title to maybe get people’s
    attention? I mean energía renovable | SOSTENIBLÍZATE is a little boring.
    You ought to look at Yahoo’s home page and watch how they create news titles to get
    viewers to open the links. You might add a related video
    or a pic or two to grab people excited about everything’ve written. Just my opinion, it would make your
    posts a little bit more interesting.

  26. This is the right web site for anyone who wishes to understand this
    topic. You understand so much its almost tough to
    argue with you (not that I actually would want to…HaHa).
    You definitely put a new spin on a topic that has
    been discussed for years. Great stuff, just great!

  27. Hi there I am so grateful I found your webpage,
    I really found you by accident, while I was researching on Google for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like
    to say cheers for a incredible post and a all round entertaining
    blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the moment but I have
    saved it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the superb b.

  28. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled
    upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  29. Heya i’m for the primary time here. I found this board
    and I find It truly helpful & it helped me out a lot.
    I hope to present something again and aid others such as you helped me.

  30. Wow that was strange. I just wrote an extremely long comment but after I
    clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. Grrrr…
    well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyway, just wanted
    to say great blog!

  31. Hey I am so excited I found your webpage, I really found you by error,
    while I was searching on Askjeeve for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say
    thanks a lot for a tremendous post and a all round exciting blog (I
    also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it
    all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and
    also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more,
    Please do keep up the awesome work.

  32. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or did you
    download it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few
    simple adjustements would really make my blog stand out.
    Please let me know where you got your design. Thanks

  33. Hey there terrific blog! Does running a blog such as this require
    a large amount of work? I’ve no understanding of coding however I had been hoping to start my
    own blog in the near future. Anyway, if you have any recommendations or techniques for new blog owners please share.
    I understand this is off subject however I just
    needed to ask. Thanks a lot!

  34. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the long
    run and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this publish
    and if I may I desire to counsel you few fascinating things or suggestions.
    Perhaps you can write next articles regarding this article.
    I desire to read more things approximately it!

  35. Excellent goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just
    extremely great. I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what
    you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep
    it wise. I can’t wait to read far more from you.
    This is actually a tremendous site.

  36. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to
    make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about,
    why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could
    be giving us something informative to read?

  37. I do consider all the ideas you’ve introduced for your post.
    They are very convincing and can definitely work. Nonetheless,
    the posts are very quick for beginners. May just you please lengthen them a little from next time?
    Thank you for the post.

  38. I will right away take hold of your rss feed as
    I can’t to find your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Please permit me recognize in order that I may just subscribe.
    Thanks.

  39. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again.
    Regardless, just wanted to say wonderful blog!

  40. Thanks for the good writeup. It if truth be told was once
    a entertainment account it. Glance complicated to far
    brought agreeable from you! However, how could we be in contact?

  41. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your website.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me
    to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme?
    Excellent work!

  42. Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to mention that I have truly
    enjoyed browsing your weblog posts. In any case I will be subscribing in your rss
    feed and I hope you write once more very soon!

  43. Amazing! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a entirely
    different subject but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Superb
    choice of colors!

  44. Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your website
    is great, let alone the content!

  45. My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net
    from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.

    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a number of websites for
    about a year and am concerned about switching to another platform.
    I have heard excellent things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into
    it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  46. I blog frequently and I really appreciate your information. The article has
    really peaked my interest. I’m going to book mark your website and
    keep checking for new details about once per week.

    I opted in for your RSS feed too.

  47. Greate article. Keep posting such kind of info on your site.
    Im really impressed by your blog.
    Hello there, You have done a great job. I will definitely digg it
    and individually recommend to my friends. I am confident they’ll
    be benefited from this web site.

  48. Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the other person’s website
    link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do same in favor of you.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *